Topic 1 How is a circular economy different from a linear economy?

A circular economy is fundamentally different from a linear economy.

To put it simply, in a linear economy we mine raw materials that we process into a product that is thrown away after use.

In a circular economy, we close the cycles of all these raw materials.

Closing these cycles requires much more than just recycling. It changes the way in which value is created and preserved, how production is made more sustainable and which business models are used.