Further readings

A Guide to Life Cycle Thinking by Leyla Acaroglu. (2018). Disruptive Design

Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) – A Complete Guide to LCAs. The British Plastics Federation (BPF)

Life Cycle Analysis. From Journal of Environmental Management. ScienceDirect

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment (EPLCA)

ILCD International Life Cycle Data system. European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment (EPLCA)

Design Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) – Complete Beginner’s Guide. (2022). Ecochain. Netherlands

The Circular Economy Lifecycle Assessment and Visualization Framework: A Case Study of Wind Blade Circularity in Texas. Hanes, R., Ghosh, T., Key, A. & Eberle, A. (2021). Front. Sustain., Sec. Circular Economy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/frsus.2021.671979

Defining the functional unit. Consequential-LCA (2015). Last updated: 2015-10-27. www.consequential-lca.org.

ILCD International Life Cycle Data system. Understanding the environmental impact of a pair of Levi’s 501 jeans. (2015). Levi Strauss & Co

International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Handbook – General guide for Life Cycle Assessment – Detailed guidance. European Commission – Joint Research Centre – Institute for Environment and Sustainability. First edition March 2010. EUR 24708 EN. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the EU; 201. DOI: 10.2788/94987


Paper beats plastic? How to rethink environmental folklore by Leyla Acaroglu. (2013). TED

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to evaluate environmental impacts of Bioeconomy. (2021). EU Science Hub – Joint Research Centre

Life Cycle Assessment For Beginners (or The Importance of Life Cycle Thinking). (2022)

Life cycle assessment of t-shirt. (2021). Life Cycle Thinking & Environmental Management

Life Cycle Assessment of Aluminium Components in Cars. (2021). European Aluminium

Life Cycle Thinking and Strategic Sustainability for Product Design Engineers Tutorial by Leyla Acaroglu. Disrupt Design

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) – Complete Beginner’s Guide by Toby Liebsch. (2022). Ecochain. Netherlands

LCA lecture by Jeremy Faludi. (2020)

Photo by Анастасия Белоусова from Pixabay